They left their settlement in Nauvoo, Illinois, and traveled across the central United States to the Great Salt Lake in present-day Utah. The trail was used for more than 20 years, until the completion of the First Transcontinental Railroad in 1869. Meanwhile, along the California Trail and Oregon Trail, Mormon travelers could cover around 15 miles per day. Mormon Handcart Historic Sites Explore three places that have been made sacred by the faith and determination of Mormon pioneers, the charity of their rescuers, and God’s watchful care for all of them. Learn about the Mormon Trail at the California Trail Interpretive Center. After leaving, they aimed to establish a new home for the church in the Great Basin and crossed Iowa. From Council Bluffs, Iowa to Fort Bridger in Wyoming, the trail follows much the same route as the Oregon Trail and the California Trail; these trails are collectively known as the Emigrant Trail. It greatly contributed to the westward expansion and played a large role in forming the western United States. 1. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards. The Mormons traversing this trail route generally used wagons as a means to transport their essential goods and other needs. 6. So with some help from The Mormon Book of Lists, we're providing you with this collection of little-known facts about the early Saints in hopes that you'll take some time to remember, celebrate, and thank God for the courageous men and women who came before us. A militia and night guard were formed. Following this, the first group, together with Young, left the winter quarters and headed west on April 5, 1847. This included the actions of Missouri Governor Lilburn Boggs, who issued Missouri Executive Order 44, which called for the "extermination" of all Mormons in Missouri. Upon arriving in the Salt Lake Valley, the Mormons publicly announced the practice of plural marriage, which Smith had instituted in secret some years earlier. Among the emigrants were the Mormon handcart pioneers of 1856–60. Furthermore, the Mormon migration included entire families and clans in large areas. The Mormon Trail is the 1,300-mile (2,100 km) long route from Illinois to Utah that members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints traveled for 3 months. In all, the Mormon Trail stretched about 1,300 miles. The Mormon Trail was a 1,300 mile path from Nauvoo, Illinois, to Salt Lake City Utah, used between 1846 and 1857 by members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Mormons). While not the first to use handcarts, they were the only group to use them extensively. At Fort Bridger, the Mormon Trail diverged from the Oregon and California Trail. [2][9], Now facing a more rugged and hazardous trek, Young chose to follow the trail used by the Donner–Reed party on their journey to California the previous year. Like the other westward-bound emigrants, the Mormons settlers were hoping for a better life, and more importantly to them, religious freedom. The Public Land Surveys of Kansas Territory in 1855-60 recorded a "Mormon Road" [Trail] in Osage, Wabaunsee, Geary, Riley, Marshall and Washington Counties whose origin and existence has been largely overlooked by students of Mormon history, as well as emigrant historians in general. May 24, 2018 - Explore Ray's board "Mormon Trail" on Pinterest. After 1860, the church began sending wagon companies east each spring, to return to Utah in the summer with the emigrating Latter-day Saints. PLAY. Flashcards. Flashcards. isabellatylka. However, many variant routes existed for getting the Latter-Day Saints to Fort Kearney. To find out more, see our, The Mormon Trail Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com. An American Exodus. In 1846, Mormons left Nauvoo, Illinois because of religious persecution and traveled across Iowa, ending in Winter Quarters, Nebraska. May 24, 2018 - Explore Ray's board "Mormon Trail" on Pinterest. On June 14, 1846, Brigham Young, the successor of murdered Mormon church leader Joseph Smith, who likewise proposed the 1,300-mile exodus to the west, arrived on the banks of the Missouri River. … However, the Saints were driven out of each of them in turn, due to conflicts with other settlers (see History of the Latter Day Saint movement). Match. To find out more, see our cookie policy. The Mormon Trail extends from Nauvoo, Illinois, which was the principal settlement of the Latter Day Saints from 1839 to 1846, to Salt Lake City, Utah, which was settled by Brigham Young and his followers beginning in 1847. Almost 3,000 Mormons, with 653 carts and 50 supply wagons, traveling in 10 different companies, made the trip over the trail to Salt Lake City. Mormons settled there after traveling west. Not ready to purchase a subscription? T he Utah portion of the Old Mormon Trail remains the best-known and most famous section of the several emigrant trails (which total more than 10,000 miles) used by the Mormons in their migrations during the nineteenth century.. --The trail was about 1,300 miles, roughly half the distance of the Oregon Trail --When the Morman Trail followed the same path as the Oregon Trail, the Mormons travelled on the north side of the Platte River, while those on the Oregon trail stayed on the south side, … The first segment began in Nauvoo and ended in Winter Quarters, near modern-day Omaha, Nebraska. 2. Test. Handcarts, two-wheeled carts that were pulled by emigrants instead of draft animals, were sometimes used as an alternate means of transportation from 1856 to 1860. Many headed off on trails that came off the Oregon Trail and headed to Utah and California. In the Fall 2014 issue of Nebraska History, you can read about the statue and its purpose. STUDY. Mormons in America – Certain in Their Beliefs, Uncertain of Their Place in Society, Pew Research Center. Into the Wilderness, 1846 Routes through California, 1846–1848 Route to the Great Salt Lake, 1847 The Trail in the 1850s From Wagon Roads to Railroads An American Exodus. These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. They were generally six to seven feet (183 to 213 cm) long, wide enough to span a narrow wagon track, and could be alternately pushed or pulled. A religiously motivated migration 2. On July 26, nine men were chosen to accompany Brigham Young and explore such places as the warm springs (present-day location of Wasatch Plunge) and Ensign Peak. The story of the Mormon Trail is rooted in the beginnings of a unique American religion. Seventy thousand Mormons traveled over the trail during this period. [2][10], Young met mountain man Jim Bridger on June 28. They generally traveled on the north side of the Platte River in order to avoid conflicts with their former Missourian enemies. Led by Jason Lee, its members joined a party headed by New England merchant Nathaniel Wyeth. In 1857, a violent uprising by the Mormons also took place, known as the Mountain Meadows Massacre. Many attacks and robberies were carried out by these mountain travelers under the guise of Indians. Food supplies were soon exhausted. He insisted the Mormons should settle in a place no one else wanted and felt the isolated Great Basin would provide the Saints with many advantages.[4]. The California Trail was known to have had over 250,000 travelers over it, most of them prospectors in the Gold Rush Era. The sites are categorized by their location in respect to modern-day US states. In March, 2010, the 100 millionth copy of the Book of Mormon was printed. You have no idea what people are talking about when they discuss the taste of wine, coffee or tea. During the first few years, the emigrants were mostly former occupants of Nauvoo who were following Young to Utah. The sites are categorized by their location in respect to modern-day US states. [3], Young now had to lead the Saints into the far west, without knowing exactly where to go or where they would end up. The total length of the Oregon Trail was over 2,000 miles. The Mormon Trail is the trail that was traveled by nearly 70,000 members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (or Mormon Church) between the years of 1846 and 1869. Some 3,000 of them pulled handcarts. Along their way, some were assigned to establish settlements and to plant and harvest crops for later emigrants. Mormons settled there after traveling west. Link will appear as The Mormon Trail Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, September 5, 2020. The Mormon Trail stretched for about 1,300 miles (2,100 kilometers). The Mormon Trail was the route that the Mormons took to their new home in the West in the mid-1800s. Young also organized a vanguard company to break trail to the Rocky Mountains, evaluate trail conditions, find sources of water, and select a central gathering point in the Great Basin. The Mormon lifestyle is similar to ours but can differ in many ways from history, beliefs, marriage, diets, and branches of the religion and even care plans. During 1846 to 1869, the Mormons were in deep conflict with the Gentiles and the general public. As the vanguard company traveled through the rugged mountains, they divided into three sections. [7], Some of the emigrants established a settlement called Kanesville (present-day Council Bluffs) on the Iowa side of the river. 6-10 Oregon Trail Facts. On July 22, 1847, the first sighting of the valley took place. Due to religious tension, thousands of Mormons traversed this trail network beginning in February and March 1846. With their belief in their faith being their primary motivation, this original group of Mormons grew to an estimated 2,000 trekkers in the first year of the trek. Mormon Overview. Use of the Mormon Trail stopped in 1869 with the driving of the “golden spike” at Promontory Point, Utah, for the transcontinental railroad. HISTORIC PERSPECTIVE 1. By December 1847, more than 2,000 Mormons had completed the journey to the Salt Lake Valley, then in Mexican territory.[2][12]. In 1978 the U.S. National Park Service designated the route a … The year 1843 has become known as the Great Migration of 1843. A Brief History. The small boxes affixed to the carts were three to four feet (91 to 122 cm) long and eight inches (20 cm) high. Guy Nixon shares little known facts about the Mormon Emigrant Trail including a wagon train "gas station". Write. Under Young's leadership, about 14,000 Mormon citizens of Nauvoo set out to find a new home in the West. The Mormon pioneer run began in 1846, when Young and his followers were driven from Nauvoo. They could carry about 500 pounds (227 kg), most of this weight consisting of trail provisions and a few personal possessions. The following are major points along the trail at which the early Mormon pioneers stopped, established temporary camps, or used as landmarks and meeting places. On July 24, Young first saw the valley from a "sick" wagon driven by his friend Wilford Woodruff. This worksheet can be edited by Premium members using the free Google Slides online software. Mormon Trail, in U.S. history, the route taken by Mormons from Nauvoo, Illinois, to the Great Salt Lake in what would become the state of Utah. Mormon Trails. Write. This journey for the Mormon immigrants began in 1846 in Nauvoo, Illinois and ended in Salt Lake City, Utah. Click the Edit button above to get started. [2], By 1849, many of the Latter-day Saints who remained in Iowa or Missouri were poor and unable to afford the costs of the wagon, teams of oxen, and supplies that would be required for the trip. *The Mormon trail was over 1,300 miles long. Built with all over the world Copyright © 1999–2020This site uses cookies to improve your experience. Home Facts Privacy About Blog Contact Terms. This early departure exposed them to the elements in the worst of winter. On the other hand, the poor Mormon travelers, which consisted of around 3,000 people, used hand carts for the same purpose, pulling and pushing them through long miles of rough terrain. Young and several other members of the party suffered from a fever, generally accepted as a "mountain fever" induced by wood ticks. Hard work produced a prosperous community. The Utah route, meanwhile, shuttled roughly 70,000 Mormon pilgrims to the lands surrounding Salt Lake City. At this point, the now larger company took the established Oregon Trail toward the trading post at Fort Bridger. Young originally planned to lead an express company of about 300 men to the Great Basin during the summer of 1846. It also broke south along the western part of the Continental Divide and crisscrossed along other trails, such as the Oregon Trail or the California Trail, which other travellers preferred. Learn about important points along the Mormon Trail through place descriptions, maps, and journal entries from pioneers who experienced the journey. The fist Mormon pioneers to arrive in the Salt Lake Valley were Orson Pratt … The Mormon Trail is now considered a national historic trail by the US National Park Service. However, many church members from the eastern states and from Europe continued to emigrate to Utah, often assisted by the Perpetual Emigration Fund. Some 3,000 of them pulled handcarts. Latter-day Saints were finally forced to abandon Nauvoo in 1846. This section alone can take about 14 days to traverse. MORMON TRAILMORMON TRAIL. An estimate of 43,000 Mormon people successfully reached the Valley of the Great Salt Lake in Utah using the trail network over the span of a few decades. The year 1843 has become known as the Great Migration of 1843. Oregon Trail - Oregon Trail - Missionaries, Mormons, and others: The first missionary group to the West left Independence in 1834. Inventors looked for ways to speed up the trip on the Oregon Trail. The train contained 73 wagons, draft animals, and livestock, and carried enough supplies to provision the group for one year. The Mormon Trail was traveled by the Mormon Pioneers between 1845 and 1870. Was the second leader of the mormons. 1. 8. On November 18, 1978, the trail route was established by Congress as a part of the National Trail System. The journey through the trail route also took longer because of the elderly people and young children. Mormon Trail Facts: Mormon Handcart Family. It was the halfway point across the state of Iowa, and they made temporary camps that also sheltered later immigrants. Click the button below to get instant access to these worksheets for use in the classroom or at a home. Mormon Church Fast Facts, CNN. • Between 1846 and 1869, some 70,000 Mormons traveled west on the trail. The most difficult part of the trek through the Mormon Trail is said to be the final 116 miles from Fort Bridger to the Valley of the Great Salt Lake. The trail passes through the states of Utah, Nebraska, Illinois, and Wyoming. Members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints do not drink tea, coffee, alcohol, or smoke tobacco, or take illegal drugs. Brigham Young. [14], In 1856, the church inaugurated a system of handcart companies in order to enable poor European emigrants to make the trek more cheaply. The Mormon Trail commenced in 1846 after Brigham Young, a natural leader of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, convinced a small group of fellow believers to engage in a journey westwards into uncharted regions of the United States after they were expelled from their traditional home in Nauvoo. [5] To try to meet this deadline and to get an early start on the trek to the Great Basin, the Latter-day Saints began leaving Nauvoo in February 1846.[6]. Therefore, the LDS Church established a revolving fund, known as the Perpetual Emigration Fund, to enable the poor to emigrate. *Over 70,000 Mormon Pioneers traveled the trail between 1846 and 1869. The initial party reached the Missouri River on June 14. The Mormon Trailor Mormon PioneerTrailis the 1,300 mile route that members of the Latter Day Saint movementtraveled from 1846-1857. By 1852, most of the Latter-day Saints from Nauvoo who wished to emigrate had done so, and the church abandoned its settlements in Iowa. 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