It grows best in moist soil. Lobelia tupa is also called tupa or tabaco del diablo and blooms in shades of scarlet to red-purple. All Rights Reserved. Plants for Gardens That Look to the Southwest, Compatible Planting for the California Poppy Flower, How to Care for 'Catalina Blue' Wishbone Flowers, Missouri Botanical Garden: Lobelia Erinus, Missouri Botanical Garden: Lobelia Cardinalis, Missouri Botanical Garden: Lobelia Siphilitica 'Lilac Candles', Missouri Botanical Garden: Lobelia x Speciosa, Royal Horticultural Society: Lobelia Cardinalis AGM, Life Expectancy of the Kangaroo Paw Flower, Flowering Plants With Leaves That Resemble Small Hollyhock Leaves. Trailing lobelia (Lobelia erinus) grows to a height of approximately 4 to 9 inches and spreads up to 6 inches. This lobelia prefers wet, fertile soils and grows along lakes, ponds and marshes. These newer types of Lobelia are much more heat tolerant than past plants. Great blue lobelia grows in zones 5 through 10. The plant produces … Some types mound, others trail. Lobelia siphilitica, also known as the great blue cardinal flower, is 2 to 3 feet tall, with blue to purple flowers, and grows in USDA zones 4 to 8. Marie Roberts is a writer based in Florida. It reaches a height of 3 to 6 feet with a 36-inch spread. The "Lilac Candles" cultivar has a more compact form with flowers in shades of blue and purple. It has violet flowers that are tinted yellow on the inside, and usually appear in mid-summer and continue to bloom into fall. Cardinal flowers are hardy in USDA zones 3 through 10. This type of lobelia is perennial only in zones 10 and 11. Lobelia cultivar, Tania, has magenta blooms and grows 24 to 36 inches tall and spreads 12 inches. She has a B.S. The main cultivated Lobelias are Lobelia cardinalis or Lobelia fulgens (cardinal flower), Lobelia siphilitica (blue lobelia), Lobelia erinus and Lobelia speciosa, a Lobelia hybrid. Slender lobelia (L. tenuior), with blue flowers, is Australian and grown in the greenhouse. They are known generally as lobelias. Note: All Lobelias are poisonous. Hybrids developed from Lobelia fulgens, L. cardinalis, and L. siphilitica are designated as Lobelia x speciosa. Annual lobelia (Lobelia erinus) is a tiny edging plant with electric indigo-colored flowers.Use it to create a colorful carpet during the cooler months of the year, surrounding taller plants with its lush foliage and radiant flower display. The said herb is known to be very effective in treating various ailments. The bright red flowers bloom from mid to late summer, creating a splash of vibrant color in the perennial flower bed. Lobelia erinus is often referred to as edging lobelia, garden lobelia or trailing lobelia and blooms in colors including blue, purple, red, pink or white. Lobelia cultivation requirements vary widely depending on species, but Lobelia species generally prefer full sun to partial shade locations in moist, well-drained soils. Lobelia inflata is an herb found in the southeastern part of Canada and the eastern half of the United States, with the exception of Florida. And look for newer varieties that boast better heat-tolerance than old-fashioned types of annual lobelia. These newer types of Lobelia are much more heat tolerant than past plants. Plant Lobelia in garden borders, in hanging baskets and other outdoor containers and enjoy their colorful accent from summer to fall. Lobelia x gerardii cv. Aug 12, 2013 - Types of Lobelia. Lobelia is a large genus of annuals, perennials and shrubs found in the bellflower family (Campanulaceae). The above ground parts are used to make medicine. Grow Tania in zones 4 through 10. Edging lobelias grow from 3 to 6 inches tall and spread 18 inches, and are hardy in zones 7 through 11. Lobelia siphilitica is also known as great blue lobelia, and grows 24 to 36 inches tall and 12 inches wide. Hybrids developed from Lobelia fulgens, L. cardinalis, and L. siphilitica are designated as Lobelia x speciosa. Overview Information Lobelia is a plant that grows in Canada and the northern U.S. They will reliably bloom in warm temperatures unless night temperatures stay in the upper 70's or above. The genus Lobelia includes several hundred species that are part of the campanula (Campanulaceae) family. long (1 cm), feature large fan-shaped lower lips. The plants are 4 to 9 inches high, with light green leaves, and produce masses of delicate blue or white flowers; cultivars have red, purple, violet and pink colors. Give the plant a light trim any time of year. Copyright Leaf Group Ltd. // Leaf Group Lifestyle. Annual lobelia (Lobelia erinus), grown as a perennial in the warm climates of U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 9 through 10, is a bushy, low-growing plant often used in flower beds and hanging baskets. The cascading type is stunning, like a sapphire waterfall, spilling from window boxes or pots. lobelia image by Alison Bowden from Fotolia.com. Various lobelia hybrids constitute a fine group of fairly hardy and showy garden plants. Lobelia Care . The foliage is a handsome rich green to sometimes dark reddish purple. Lobelia plants are staples in the home garden, chosen for their intense color and the striking form of some species. And although cobalt blue may be their signature hue, you’ll also find lobelia flowers in scarlet red, lilac, rose, and vibrant tropical colors. Upright flower stems bear spikes of bright, often tubular flowers. Another type of cardinal flower, the Lobelia fulgens ‘Queen Victoria’ is a celebrated garden flower during the late summertime. Annual lobelia is in its glory during the cool weather of spring and fall. Lobelia is a large genus of annuals, perennials and shrubs found in the bellflower family (Campanulaceae). The piperidine alkaloid lobeline was isolated as the main active component of Lobelia in 1921,8 and its absolute stereochemistry was determined in 1965.9 The main chemicals identified in Lobelia species are the alkaloids, in particular lobeline, as well as lobelanine, norlobelanine, lobelanidine, and radicamine, among others, and flavonoids, such as apigenin, luteolin, and quercetin. Grow in zones 9 through 11 as a perennial, and elsewhere as an annual bedding or container plant. Lobelia is a group of flowering plants native to North America. When to Trim Lobelia. Lobelia inflata is an annual or biennial herbaceous plant growing to 15–100 cm (5.9–39.4 in) tall, with stems covered in tiny hairs. Lobelia is a a genus of perennial flowering plants that have been used in folk medicine for centuries. Pinch newly planted lobelia when they recover from transplanting. The garden is decorated with their delicate flowering from May to September. The mounding type, called edging lobelia, is beautiful for planting in rows in the front of beds and borders. This lobelia species is clump-forming, upright, and quite popular. Lobelia works best as a border or in a rock garden. If you experience an extended time period with high night temperatures the plants may flush out of bloom, however, the plants themselves should continue to look good. When arranging flowerbeds, you can use and combine with each other different varieties and colors of lobelia or shade the delicate beauty of lobelia with other decorative colors. The plants are usually about 2 1/2 feet tall, adding height to a flower border, and attracting birds and butterflies. Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! Lobelia is a genus of flowering plants comprising 415 species, with a subcosmopolitan distribution primarily in tropical to warm temperate regions of the world, a few species extending into cooler temperate regions. Upright flower stems bear spikes of bright, often tubular flowers. Lobelia looks great in hanging pots and flowerpots, and in land plantings in flowerbeds. They are terrific plants for the boggy garden, adapting well to ‘wet feet', but growing equally well under average conditions. Lobelia cardinalis is a perennial lobelia variety that grows 2 to 4 feet tall in an erect pattern. Several studies have already proven the herbal plant’s efficacy in treating diseases like asthma, bronchitis, congestion, whooping cough and different types of allergies. Types of Lobelia Flower for the Home Garden. The petals of Blue Wings are larger than other varieties and the color is deeper. Lobelias do not tolerate drought. It is a perennial that features a profusion of spiked flowers that are heavily packed together. Available in shades of blue, violet, pink, reddish purple or white, the two-lipped, tubular flowers, 0.5 in. in horticultural sciences. Basic Facts: Lobelia are well known as tender, trailing plants for hanging baskets and edging lawns. Plant Lobelia in garden borders, in hanging baskets and other outdoor containers and enjoy their colorful accent from summer to fall. There are more than 400 species that include upright and mounding lobelias, annuals, half-hardy annuals, perennials, and even shrubs and aquatic plants. Lobelia can range in the blue to purple color hues. Cultivars often have longer blooming periods and various colors, including "Arabella's Vision" (bright red) and "Twilight Zone" (pink). https://www.gardeningknowhow.com/ornamental/flowers/lobelia/lobelia.htm Lobelia inflatahas pale colored flowers, compared to its cousin species, and it belongs to the Lobeliaceae plant family. Southern lobelia (L. georgiana), from North America, as well as great blue lobelia (L. siphilitica) and its hybrids, also have blue flowers. Most types of lobelia have the bell-shaped blossoms characteristic of the campanulas, but otherwise they may differ dramatically in appearance. Flowers appear in shades of blue, pink, white, purple and red. Pinch back newly emerging stems when they are about six inches long. Lobelia laxiflora is commonly called torch lobelia, or Mexican cardinal flower. Lobelia has so many uses for the lungs it would take me forever to list them all. Pinching is an early spring task. Types of Lobelia. A popular annual for a hanging basket, the plant produces dainty flower racemes that measure up to 2 inches in length. If you experience an extended time period with high night temperatures the plants may flush out of bloom, however, the plants themselves should continue to look good. Lobelia plants are staples in the home garden, chosen for their intense color and the striking form of some species. Foliage color also varies, including a cultivar with bronze foliage ("Fried Green Tomatoes"). actually an entire genus of flowering plants that are primarily found in tropical and temperate areas of the world There are hundreds of different varieties of lobelia. The timing depends on the type of pruning. Cardinal flower (Lobelia cardinalis) is native to North America in USDA zones 3 to 9, growing 2 to 3 feet high with an upright mound of green foliage, and bearing short-lived, scarlet-red, tubular flowers on spikes. Its blooms are red and yellow. For this reason, in the North, it is treated as if it were an annual and functions in the ways that another popular bedding plant functions: sweet alyssum (Lobularia maritima). Although there are over 300 species of lobelia, the most commonly used herb is Lobelia inflata, which is native to the Northeastern United States. The perennial Lobelias have upright spikes of large flowers, not at all like the more familiar trailing types grown in hanging baskets. The genus Lobelia includes several hundred species that are part of the campanula (Campanulaceae) family. Hybrids feature dark green foliage with hints of red, purple or bronze, forming a basal rosette. The University of Maryland Medical Center strongly cautions consumers never to take more than 20 mg of lobelia. Lobelia is a large genus of annuals, perennials and shrubs found in the bellflower family (Campanulaceae). Lobelia cardinalis, also known as cardinal flower, has scarlet-red blooms and grows 3 feet tall with a 12-inch spread. The three types of pruning that benefit lobelia plants are removing spent flowers, pinching, and cutting back. Lobelia is sold as a common over-the-counter remedy throughout Europe, but in the United States, the FDA has cautioned against its use. A spot in full sun or light shade keeps this blooming perennial growing vigorously, provided there is enough water. Use a quality potting soil and add a little slow-release fertilizer at planting time. Lobelia ‘Queen Victoria’ Cardinal Flower: USDA Zone: 7-9: Plant number: 1.328.050. Native Americans understood the potential medicinal value of this powerfu… It's similar in appearance to L. cardinalis, except for foliage that's sometimes bronze to dark red in color. As a general rule, annual lobelia does not like hot weather so if you live where summers steam up, move the plants to a partially shady location away from the beating sun. Cardinal flowers are found in moist areas, preferring full sun to partial shade. Hundreds of species exist, including Lobelia inflata, which has tall green stems, long leaves, and tiny violet flowers (1). Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →, Ohio State University Extension: Great-Blue Lobelia, Cornell University Growing Guide: Lobelia. Mexican lobelia (Lobelia fulgens) grows wild in Mexico and Texas, or USDA zones 7 to 9. Enjoying moist locations, these plants make great additions in borders, along streams or ponds, as ground covers in containers or hanging baskets. The campanulas, but in the United States, the two-lipped, flowers! Cm ), feature large fan-shaped lower lips a little slow-release fertilizer at planting.. 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