Macedonia (/ ˌ m æ s ɪ ˈ d oʊ n i ə / ; Ancient Greek: Μακεδονία), also called Macedon (/ ˈ m æ s ɪ d ɒ n /), was an ancient kingdom on the periphery of Archaic and Classical Greece , and later the dominant state of Hellenistic Greece . The Antigonids were treated as liberating heroes by the Athenians and given all manner of honours, including their own cults. Unfortunately, the statue was toppled by an earthquake in 228 or 226 BCE. 2 synonyms for Demetrius Poliorcetes: Demetrius, Demetrius I. Demetrius I of Macedon Label from public data source Wikidata; Demetrius I, Poliorcetes, King of Macedonia, 336 B.C.-283 B.C. He, thus, describes, like an actor, Demetrius’ taste in dress: ...there was something intensely theatrical about Demetrius. Demetrius is credited with being the first to employ artillery mounted on warships to fire on other warships (as opposed to just cities), when he used both stone and arrow-throwing catapults in the battle. The Ancient History Encyclopedia logo is a registered EU trademark. Demetrius acquired his surname of Soter, or Savior, from the Babylonians, whom he delivered from the tyranny of the Median satrap, Timarchus. Demetrius I of Macedon (337-283 BC) fought and was victorious at the Battle of Salamis, where he defeated another Diadochi of Alexander the Great, Ptolemy I of Egypt, as a reult, he destroyed the Egyptian navy. For in 301 BCE the Antigonids were defeated at the Battle of Ipsus in central Phrygia by Lysimachus and Seleucus I. Corrections? NGC Choice AU Strike 5/5, Surface 4/5, Fine Style. Perhaps with his resources never quite matching his ambition, Demetrius did not live up to his early promise and died without an army or an empire. CNG 99, Lot 86. Find out more about the greatest Greek Emperors & Kings, including Alexander the Great, Leonidas I, Philip II of Macedon, Prince Andrew of Greece and Denmark and Constantine II of Greece Demetrius was an inventive siege-master, his most famous weapon being the helepolis or ‘city-taker’, a 40-metre high siege tower with nine levels and which was wheeled, armoured, and could carry multiple artillery weapons (ballistae). Demetrius I of Macedon is the most famous person named Demetrius. Ancient History Encyclopedia Limited is a non-profit company registered in the United Kingdom. Among his outrages was his courtship of a young boy named Democles the Handsome. Siege towers were not new but Demetrius’ was the largest so far seen and was so massive it reportedly took 3,400 men to mobilise it. It is also noticeable that Demetrius allowed the restoration of the Athenian democracy and left no garrison at Athens and nor did he in other liberated cities such as Megara. The son of Antigonus I, he proved himself a very able commander in … Demetrius I Poliorcetes, (born 336 bc, Macedonia—died 283, Cilicia [now in Turkey]), king of Macedonia from 294 to 288 bc. Demetrius I of Macedon ... Media in category "Demetrius I Poliorcetes" The following 8 files are in this category, out of 8 total. His descendants remained in possession of the Macedonian throne till the time of Perseus, when Macedon was conquered by the Romans in 168 BC. Demetrius campaigned in Greece again c. 295 BCE when he removed the tyrant Lachares from Athens and defeated Sparta. Our latest articles delivered to your inbox, once a week: Numerous educational institutions recommend us, including Oxford University and Michigan State University and University of Missouri. Noun 1. But his licentiousness and extravagance made the Athenians long for the government of Cassander. But his licentiousness and extravagance made the Athenians long for the government of Cassander. Things did not improve for the young commander in the following year when his campaign in Babylonia against Seleucus also ended in failure. According to Plutarch, Demetrius lived a lavish life of debauchery in Athens, where he pushed for a crash-course initiation into the Eleusian Mysteries and hosted wild parties in the Parthenon. Demetrius I Poliorcetes (literally, “the besieger of the city”). Map of the Successor Kingdoms, c. 303 BCE, Silver Tetradrachm of Demetrius I of Macedon. "Demetrius I of Macedon." Argaeus i of macedon wikiwand macedonia (ancient kingdom) philip v demetrius alexander iv Demetrius I (/dɪˈmiːtriəs/; Ancient Greek: Δημήτριος ; 337–283 BC), called Poliorcetes (/ˌpɒliɔːrˈsiːtiːz/; Greek: Πολιορκητής , The Besieger), son of Antigonus I Monophthalmus and Stratonice, was a Macedonian nobleman, military leader, and finally king of Macedon (294–288 BC). Antigonus was killed and Demetrius retreated to the Isthmus of Corinth. Once again Demetrius was magnanimous in victory for he "not only buried the enemy’s dead with full honours but he also set his prisoners free (Plutarch, 348)". Demetrius I of Macedonby Carole Raddato (CC BY-SA). In 306/305 BCE campaigns did not go so well in Egypt and then, at Rhodes in 305 - 304 BCE Demetrius gained his title of ‘Besieger of Cities’ when he blockaded the island for a year. During their careers they met with prodigious triumphs and disasters, conquered great empires and as easily lost them. Demetrius first came to prominence in c. 317 BCE when he commanded his father’s cavalry units at the battles of Paraetacene and Gabiene in Persia. (371). When Alexander the Great died in 323 BCE, he left behind an empire... Lysimachus (c. 361-281 BCE) was one of Alexander the Great’s... Macedon was an ancient kingdom located in the north of the Greek... Demetrius I commands his father's cavalry units at the battles of Paraetacene and Gabiene in, Demetrius I marries Stratonice, daughter of Seleucus I and in return Demetrius is given, When his army deserts him Demetrius I flees, Demetrius I surrenders to Seleucus I and lives as a prsioner for three years until his, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. to take refuge with Seleucus, who held him until he died. Demetrius, also in 306, crushed Ptolemy in a naval battle…. Demetrius I Poliorcetes portrayed on a tetradrachm coin In 302 BC he returned a second time to Greece as liberator, and reinstated the Corinthian League. Synonyms for Demetrius I of Macedon in Free Thesaurus. Demetrius himself was conscious of the ever-changing fortunes in his roller-coaster career for he would often quote in frustration these words on Fortune by the Greek tragedian Aeschylus - ‘You fan my flame one moment: In the next, extinguish it.’ (Plutarch, 365), Related Content Demetrius kept a foothold in Greece and in 294 reoccupied Athens and established himself as king of Macedonia, but in 288 he was driven out by his rivals Lysimachus and Pyrrhus. Cartwright, Mark. Alexander III the Great (336-323 BC). Argaeus I Of Macedon Wikiwand. The ‘Besieger’, then, was a victim of his times, an age when rulers without lands or rulers with lands but no particular ancestral ties to them, squabbled for the pieces of Alexander’s broken empire. Omissions? Demetrius, still in control of such important cities as Cyprus, Corinth, and Ephesos, was offered a way back into the chaotic political theatre of the Successor Wars when his daughter Stratonice married Seleucus and in return Demetrius was given Cilicia c. 299 BCE. Wednesday, January 1, 336 B.C. The tower also had a beam fitted to its front which was decorated with a ram’s head and used to punch holes in fortification walls. Demetrius I (Greek: Δημήτριος, 337-283 BC), called Poliorcetes (Greek: Πολιορκητής - "The Besieger"), son of Antigonus I Monophthalmus and Stratonice, was a king of Macedon (294–288 BC). Demetrius’ fortunes further improved in 307 BCE when he successfully led a campaign in Greece to free Athens from Demetrius of Phaleron. The grail was his: Demetrius was king of Macedon. When Antigonus was exiled in 322 BCE Demetrius accompanied his father and found refuge with the Macedonian general Antipater. Written by Mark Cartwright, published on 23 March 2016 under the following license: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. invaded Macedon he was forced (285 B.C.) Demetrius I is infamous in Jewish history for his victory over the Maccabees, killing Judas Maccabaeus in Nisan, 160 BC. The huge battle was said to have involved 150,000 men and 475 elephants. He belonged to the An Demetrius I Poliorcetes portrayed on a tetradrachm coin In 302 BC, he returned a second time to Greece as liberator, and reinstated the Corinthian League, but his licentiousness and extravagance made the Athenians long for the government of Cassander. Cartwright, M. (2016, March 23). After the blockade, the entrepreneurial Rhodians sold Demetrius’ siege equipment and used the proceeds to build a massive 32-metre high bronze statue of their patron god Helios - the Colossus of Rhodes and one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. Demetrius was a member of the Antigonid dynasty and took an active part in the struggle of the Diadochi. For only $5 per month you can become a member and support our mission to engage people with cultural heritage and to improve history education worldwide. Ptolemy offered a peace deal in 287 BCE, and Demetrius set his sights on Asia Minor and Seleucus. Mark is a history writer based in Italy. Demetrius married three times, though the chronology of these marriages is a matter of dispute. King of Macedonia from 306 to 286 (with interruptions). Demetrius gained his title of ‘Besieger of Cities’ when he blockaded Rhodes for a year. Demetrius was born in the garrison of Kelainai, Phrygia in 336 BCE as his father was King Antigonus I, at that time one of Alexander the Great’s commanders. The kingdom was founded and initially ruled by the royal Argead dynasty , which was followed by the Antipatrid and Antigonid dynasties. `Osawatomie' Brown's 66-Great Grandfather. Ultimately, the campaign was another disappointment and the siege ended in a negotiated truce. Agnes Harris's 52-Great Grandfather. HM George I's 60-Great Grandfather. For this purpose, he built a massive fleet of 500 ships. Marble portrait bust of Demetrius I of Macedon, also called Poliorcetes, "The Besieger" (336-283 BCE), Roman copy from the 1st century CE of a Greek original from the 3rd century BCE (Naples National Archaeological Museum). https://www.britannica.com/biography/Demetrius-I-Poliorcetes, Military History Encyclopedia on the Web - Biography of Demetrius I Poliorcetes (336-283). He belonged to the Antigonid dynasty.…more Demetrius gained distinction as a boy by defeating and dethroning Alexander of Epirus, thus saving Macedonia (c. 263). Unsuccessful against Ptolemy I Soter, satrap of Egypt, and against the Nabataeans, he liberated Athens from the Macedonian Cassander in 307 bc and in 306 decisively defeated Ptolemy at Salamis (Cyprus). (336). Demetrius I (337 -283 BC ), surnamed Poliorcetes ("Besieger"), son of Antigonus Cyclops and Stratonice was a king of Macedon (294 -288 BC ) . He finally surrendered to Seleucus I Nicator in Cilicia (285) and died there (283). Some Rights Reserved (2009-2020) under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license unless otherwise noted. Born circa 337 B.C. Please help us create teaching materials on Mesopotamia (including several complete lessons with worksheets, activities, answers, essay questions, and more), which will be free to download for teachers all over the world. Ex. Noun 1. Demetrius I (/dɪˈmiːtriəs/; Greek: Δημήτριος; 337–283 BC), called Poliorcetes (/ˌpɒli.ɔːrˈsiːtiːz/; Greek: Πολιορκητής, "The Besieger"), son of Antigonus I Monophthalmus and Stratonice, was a Macedonian Greek nobleman, military leader, and finally king of Macedon (294–288 BC). The rising military star shone even brighter when he famously defeated Ptolemy’s fleet at Salamis, off the coast of Cyprus in 306 BCE. On his accession he was faced by an Aetolian and Achaean coalition, later joined by an Epirote League. However, in 288 BCE, when his army realised that Lysimachus, Ptolemy, Seleucus and Pyrrhus were all marching on Macedon, they refused to take the field and Demetrius was forced to flee south. Books From his unsuccessful siege of Rhodes (305) he won the title Poliorcetes (“the Besieger”). Demetrius I of Macedon, also known as Demetrios Poliorcetes, the ‘Besieger’ (c. 336 - c. 282 BCE), was a Macedonian king who, along with his father Antigonus I, fought for control of Alexander the Great’s empire in the ‘Successor Wars’. Ancient History Encyclopedia, 23 Mar 2016. We have also been recommended for educational use by the following publications: Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization registered in Canada. Demetrius I of Macedon. Earlier Established Forms Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Then, growing ever more ambitious, Demetrius sought to reclaim the Asian territories his father had once controlled. 016: To the Strongest - The 3rd War of the Diadochi & the Babylonian War - Duration: 29:55. Plutarch continues and compares Demetrius unfavourably with Alexander the Great, suggesting the latter was a true ruler while the former was a mere actor. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. On Demetrius’ character Plutarch, comparing him with Rome’s Mark Antony, said, Both men were redoubtable womanizers, drinkers and fighters, both were open-handed, extravagant and arrogant, and these resemblances were reflected in the similarity of their fortunes. He is the subject of one of Plutarch’s Lives. Demetrius Poliorcetes - son of Antigonus Cyclops and king of Macedonia; he and his father were defeated at the battle of Ipsus (337-283 BC) Last modified March 23, 2016. Demetrius I (Demetrius Poliorcetes) dĭmē´trēəs pŏl˝ēôrsē´tēz [ key], c.337–283 BC, king of Macedon. (monogram); Newell-49; ADM I Series XIII. Then in yet another marriage of convenience, he made a treaty with Ptolemy. Demetrius I (Greek: Δημήτριος, 337-283 BC), called Poliorcetes (Greek: Πολιορκητής - "The Besieger"), son of Antigonus I Monophthalmus and Stratonice, was a king of Macedon (294288 BC). Their Zodiac sign is ♑ Capricorn. Updates? Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... …support of his brilliant son Demetrius (336–283), known as Poliorcetes, or Besieger, who ousted the other Demetrius and restored the democracy and eventually the League of Corinth; he was hymned with divine honours and given the Parthenon as his palace. Roman copy from 1st century AD of a Greek original from 3rd century BC. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). After successes in central Greece and Cyprus, he gained his lasting reputation as a master planner and  ‘Besieger of Cities’ following his one-year siege of Rhodes. However, with his army devastated by plague and famine, he was forced to surrender once again in 285 BCE. AR drachm (17mm, 3.90 gm, 12h). He made his fourth diplomatic marriage, this time to Lanassa, ex-wife of Pyrrhus, and so gained Corcyra (Corfu). Demetrius I — may refer to: Demetrius I Soter (born 185 BC, reign 161 150 BC), ruler of the Hellenistic Seleucid Empire Demetrius I of Macedon (337 283 BC), king of Macedon Demetrius I of Bactria, Greco Bactrian king (reigned c. 200 180 BC) Demetrius I of… … Among his outrages was his courtship of a young boy named Democles the Handsome. But the battle-weary Macedonian army suffered a disastrous defeat. ; died circa 283 B.C. Ancient History Encyclopedia. Demetrius I Poliorcetes portrayed on a tetradrachmcoin In 302 BC he returned a second time to Greece as liberator, and reinstated the Corinthian League. Cite This Work The Hellenistic Age History Podcast 17 views Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization. Ancient History Encyclopedia. 24 Dec 2020. Marriage and family. His son, Antigonus II Antigonus II (Antigonus Gonatas) , c.320–239 B.C., king of Macedon, son of Demetrius I. Demetrius I, Poliorcetes, King of Macedonia, 336-283 B.C. Consolidating his control over central Greece Demetrius went back to his old hobby of besieging cities and twice blockaded Thebes. Web. In 303 BCE the city of Sicyon in the Peloponnese surrendered on the mere sight of Demetrius’ formidable siege engines, and in 302 BCE the League of Corinth was resurrected which would prove useful one year later. He holds an MA in Political Philosophy and is the Publishing Director at AHE. He possessed an elaborate wardrobe of hats and cloaks, broad-brimmed hats with double mitres and robes of purple interwoven with gold, while his feet were clad in shoes of the richest purple felt embroidered with gold. Demetrius did make some amends with successes in the region in 311/310 BCE. Demetrius I (/dɪˈmiːtriəs/; Ancient Greek: Δημήτριος; 337–283 BC), called Poliorcetes (/ˌpɒliɔːrˈsiːtiːz/; Greek: Πολιορκητής, "The Besieger"), son of Antigonus I Monophthalmus and Stratonice, was a Macedonian nobleman, military leader, and finally king of Macedon (294–288 BC). Demetrius had more success against Cassander back on the Greek mainland in 304 BCE when he and his father extended their influence to include Aetolia and Boeotia. A battle with the Dardanians turned out disastrously, and he died shortly afterwards, leaving Philip, his son by Chryseis, still a child. Among his outrages was his courtship of a young boy named Democles the Handsome. Demetrius I Poliorcetes, (born 336 bc, Macedonia—died 283, Cilicia [now in Turkey]), king of Macedonia from 294 to 288 bc. Demetrius, leading the cavalry and after an initial success, may have charged too deep into the enemy and exposed his father’s flank to an attack from Seleucus’ elephants. Poss. However, the first time he took sole command of an army did not go well, he lost in a battle against Ptolemy I and Seleucus I Nikator in Gaza in 312 BCE. He is the subject of one of Plutarch’s Lives biographies. Price-2148 corr. Demetrius II Aetolicus (King) of MACEDONIA. Demetrius I of Macedon, also known as Demetrios Poliorcetes, the 'Besieger' (c. 336 - c. 282 BCE), was a Macedonian king who, along with his father Antigonus I, fought for control of Alexander the Great ’s empire in the 'Successor Wars'. They are considered the most important person in history born with the first name of Demetrius. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. He then set his sights on the Macedonian throne, which he claimed in 294 BCE with the help of Phila and after murdering Alexander V. Demetrius then established a new Macedonian capital in Magnesia in southern Thessaly, Demetrias. As a reward for this great victory Antigonus announced that Demetrius would, from now on, be joint king with him. Matter of dispute 2 synonyms for Demetrius Poliorcetes translation, English dictionary definition of Demetrius I Poliorcetes ( literally “... Greece again c. 295 BCE when he blockaded Rhodes for a year be joint with!, later joined by an earthquake in 228 or 226 BCE determine whether revise... That content linked from this page may have different licensing terms of Cassander you are agreeing news... You have suggestions to improve this article ( requires login ) determine whether to revise article. Times, though the chronology of these marriages is a registered EU trademark with him Achaean... Coalition, later on, be joint king with him Poliorcetes synonyms, Demetrius fortunes! Announced that Demetrius would, later joined by an Epirote League city he founded! 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